Chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) is caused by bacterial invasion and develops an infection which is quite similar in the nature of spreading and form to gonorrhea. It is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases and affects over 4 million women on an annual basis around the globe.
The Chlamydia bacterium develops and grows in the region of the urethra and cervix and can also survive in the rectum or throat. As the symptoms of Chlamydia are very difficult to detect and trace, it is a common phenomenon for infected men and women to pass on the disease without their knowledge.
4 Chlamydia Infection Treatment In Women
Symptoms of Chlamydia
Chlamydia is generally asymptotic and does not reveal through common signs or signals. One of the most common manifestations of this infection is found in patients suffering from Cervicitis, which is an infection of the uterine cervix. Over 50 percent of women suffering from Chlamydial Cervicitis do not complain of any symptoms while others experience abdominal pain, change in the color and texture of vaginal discharge, pain and/or bleeding during sex, bleeding between periods and vaginal discharge.
Some of the other common symptoms in women suffering from urethritis and urinary tract infections include frequent and urgent necessity for urination and pain while passing urine. These symptoms are also prevalent in patients suffering from Chlamydia. In extreme cases, the infection infiltrates into the pelvic region and causes damage to the fallopian tubes.
Symptoms connected with pelvic infections include pelvic cramping, high fever, abdominal pain or excruciating pain during intercourse. In the case of severe infection, abscess formations take place in the effected spots and necessitate the requirement of a major surgery. The presence of negligible symptoms of Chlamydia in women leads to late diagnosis and detection and this results in excessive and irreparable damage to the fallopian tubes, tubal pregnancy and fertility problems.
Detection and diagnosis of Chlamydia
Traditional examination and diagnostic processes make it possible to detect the presence of Chlamydia infection by swabbing the cervix with a speculum. There are other non invasive screening processes and tests, such as those conducted on urine or on vaginal swabs collected by the patients themselves, which are less expensive and more acceptable to patients suffering from the infection. Routine diagnosis is conducted through inexpensive and recently launched tests, which are dependent on the amplification and identification of the genetic materials of the organism. These tests are fast replacing the time consuming and obsolete methods of sample culture.
Treatment for Chlamydia
It is important to consult a gynecologist or a medical expert for an early treatment of Chlamydia. The antibiotics used in treating the infection are a convenient single dose of 1gm of azithromycin (Zithromax, Zmax), taken orally.
The high costs involved in this treatment often influence patients to look towards alternate therapies and methods of treatment.
Chlamydia at a Glance
It is important to remember that there is nothing called “Safe Sex” and the usage of condoms does not prevent the incidence of STDs. It is common to find Chlamydia and Gonorrhea together and the infections caused by the same can be treated with an antibiotic prescription