Thrombocytopenia is a disorder in which number of platelets in the blood stream is lower than the normal range. A range of 1, 50,000 to 4, 50,000 per micro liter of blood is considered normal. Having less than 1, 50,000 platelets per micro liter of blood is considered below normal.
This low platelet count in medical parlance is known as Thrombocytopenia. Platelets are responsible for clot making in our body and hence low number of platelets in the blood stream means that in case of injury or haemorrhage, bleeding will not stop on its own. Therefore, it is important to take care of low platelet count in blood. There can be many causes of Thrombocytopenia. Correct treatment will depend upon the assessment and severity of the underlying cause.
Treatment for Thrombocytopenia
The treatment for Thrombocytopenia depends on its cause and its severity. The objective behind treating Thrombocytopenia is to avert death and other health risks caused by bleeding. People suffering from mild Thrombocytopenia are not treated usually because mild Thrombocytopenia does not cause any hindrance in clotting even in the case of severe injuries.
Basically, Thrombocytopenia is not a disease in itself; it is a symptom of some other underlying disease and hence it improves when the underlying disease improves at its own. People who inherit Thrombocytopenia usually do not require treatment since their body adapts the low platelet count and functions accordingly.
If Thrombocytopenia has occurred during pregnancy then it generally reverts back to normal status after a couple of months of delivery. It does not cause any harm to the baby. If it is severe in nature then the doctor may prescribe medication, blood transfusion or surgery.
Steroids or corticosteroids are given for treating Thrombocytopenia as they are known to slow down the process of platelet destruction. The steroids can be administered orally or intravenously.
The steroids given for treating Thrombocytopenia should not be misunderstood as the steroids taken by athletes illegally for increasing their performance. If your immune system is attacking your platelets and destroying them, then the doctor may prescribe medicines to block immune system along with some other medicines which help in making new platelets.
People who experience active bleeding or who are at a higher risk of bleeding may be treated through blood or platelet transfusion. Blood in transfused intravenously to the ailing person.
If the person suffers from immune Thrombocytopenia and none of the medicines work then spleen removal is the last option. Besides, taking some precautions at home can also help you. Do not participate in such activities where there are chances of sustaining injuries like playing football, etc.
Confirm with your doctor about the activities which are safe for you. Stop drinking alcohol since alcohol tends to reduce platelet production in body. Some drugs like ibuprofen, aspirin, etc. should be taken only in consultation with doctor since these drugs affect normal functioning of platelets in body.
Leading a healthy life can also contribute a great deal in recovering. Eating fresh vegetables and fruits, whole grains, soy products and other healthy organic foods can strengthen your immune system and can help in increasing platelet count.